Spent fuel and radioactive waste

Austria: Strategic Environmental Assessment for the national programme for nuclear waste management is finished

Austria is a nuclear energy free state and took part in many neighbouring states’ EIA and SEA processes with the goal of making nuclear waste disposal strategies as safe and transparent as possible.
Therefore Austrian NGOs had high expectations that the Austrian national programme could be used as good practice example. But these expectations were not fulfilled, the programme was three years late and lacked detail in important sections. Austrian NGOs were successful in improving parts of it, but a lot of work still has to be done.
The Austrian nuclear waste management program was finalized in September 2018. Information and an assessment of the final national programme (in German only) can be found here.

Presentation at the Nuclear Energy Conference 2018 on 11 April 2018, Prague

The NEC 2018 had the topic "Nuclear waste: Unwanted legacy of nuclear power". Gabriele Mraz gave a presentation on problems that became obvious during implementation of the Nucelar Waste Directive 2011/70/EURATOM. All other presentations can be found here.
A radio report by Freies Radio Freistadt on the NEC can be heard here (German only).

07 Feb. 2017: Conference "Transparency and future of radioactive waste management in Europe"

This conference was organized by Nuclear Transparency Watch and Members of the European Parliament, Brussels
For the Joint Project, Gabriele Mraz gave a presentation at this conference.
More information can be found here.

Nuclear waste - problems solved?

Joint Project conference in Budapest on 15 Dec., 2016

Our one-day conference with international experts has focused on the Euratom directive on management of spent fuel and radioactive waste (Council Directive 2011/70/Euratom). We examined the status of implementation in EU member states and whether this directive will „solve“ the issue of waste disposal. To illustrate the effectiveness or non-effectiveness of this directive we looked at Hungary as an example of a country (not the only one) still considering the export of spent fuel to the infamous Mayak facility in Russia. This conference also provided up-to-date information on the situation at Mayak and the Hungarian plans for spent fuel from Paks I and Paks II. Here you can download the programme.

A report of the conference can be downloaded here.

Gabriele Mraz, Austrian Institute of Ecology
Massimo Garribba, DG ENER
Vladimir Slivyak, Ecodefense, RU
Zsuzsanna Koritár, Energiaklub
Additional Text to presentation Z. Koritár in English

Audiofiles of the conference:

2016: Report: Radioactive waste and spent fuel - transparency and public participation in national programmes

After about a year's experience with available national waste management programmes based on Directive 2011/70/Euratom, the Joint Project produced a report about status of national programmes and SEAs in the JP countries. We analysed several aspects of transparency and public participation in these programmes and compared them to good practice. The report can be downloaded here.

06 July, 2016: National Reports and National Programmes for Management of Spent Fuel and Radioactive Waste are public

In response to a request by Nuclear Transparency Watch from March 2016, the European Commission gave access to all national programmes and implementation reports on management of spent fuel and radioactive waste. You can download them here.

Spent fuel and radioactive waste in the Joint Project countries

According to the Council Directive 2011/70/Euratom „establishing a Community framework for the responsible and safe management of spent fuel and radioactive waste“, the EU member states are obliged to prepare national programmes on the management of spent fuel and radioactive waste. The programmes need to include all waste management steps. Goal is the safe and responsible management to protect workers and the general public against the dangers arising from ionizing radiation. Any undue burden on future generations should be avoided. The Member States are obliged to submit a report to the European Commission on the implementation of this Directive for the first time by 23 August 2015, and every 3 years thereafter (Art. 14 (1))
Moreover, the preparation of the national waste management programme is also subject to the Directive 2001/42/EC “on the Environmental Impact Assessment of certain plans and programmes.”

The Joint Project NGOs made a request to their national authorities about the status of the national programmes. In a short report, the status in the Joint Project countries as of June 2015 is listed: By end of June 2015, none of the Joint Project countries had started a transboundary SEA procedure. Therefore, the Joint Project will also include national waste management programmes in their workload for 2015/2016.
The report can be downloaded here.

Archive: Management of spent fuel and radioactive waste

In the Joint Project workshop in Budapest in May 2013, Dr. Andrea Kondorosi, a representative of the Hungarian Ministry of National Development, gave a presentationon the transposition of the 2011/70/EURATOM Council directive in Hungary.

In 2003 we have analyzed management plans for nuclear fuel in the three new EU member states and the procedures for site selection. The results are summarized in a report, where we discussed also the EU legislation concerning public information and participation.
If you are interersted in our findings download the nuclear risk and public control report 2003 (pdf, 870 KB)

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