At the end of 2015 the EU Commission started two infringement procedure concerning the NPP Paks. They were looking into the state aid for the construction of two units by Rosatom and the fact that this deal was agreed without a tender thus breaching European competition rules and excluding other competitors from delivering the plant or components.
However, today´s decision did not answer those serious problems but using wrong arguments declared this political deal legal. The EU Commission applies the wrong legal basis, because nuclear power is not a Common Interest of the EU member states. The EURATOM Treaty does not have any state aid regulations and therefore this issue is to be assessed under the TFEU, the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. If those two units will be built and connected to the grid, Hungary could increase the nuclear power share up to 86 percent. This is a severe economic disadvantage to the renewable energy production e.g. in Austria.
„The case is similar to the Hinkley Point NPP subsidy scheme, the EU Commission is obviously trying to introduce a special nuclear economic zone to make at least some nuclear new built possible. We welcome that some member states like Austria will challenge this decision in court, as some energy utilities will, because we are afraid, that some other member states might be willing to put public money into the construction of nuclear power plants,“ explained Patricia Lorenz.
For further information: firstname.lastname@example.org
Our brand new background paper on state aid for nuclear newbuilt provides an overview over the Paks project and the possible consequences of this decision in other countries in the EU… read more.
Joint press release
Our one-day conference with international experts has focused on the Euratom directive on management of spent fuel and radioactive waste (Council Directive 2011/70/Euratom). We examined the status of implementation in EU member states and whether this directive will „solve“ the issue of waste disposal. To illustrate the effectiveness or non-effectiveness of this directive we looked at Hungary as an example of a country (not the only one) still considering the export of spent fuel to the infamous Mayak facility in Russia. This conference also provided up-to-date information on the situation at Mayak and the Hungarian plans for spent fuel from Paks I and Paks II. Here you can download the programme.
A report of the conference can be downloaded here.
Gabriele Mraz, Austrian Institute of Ecology
Massimo Garribba, DG ENER
Vladimir Slivyak, Ecodefense, RU
Zsuzsanna Koritár, Energiaklub
Additional Text to presentation Z. Koritár in English
Audiofiles of the conference:
This conference was organized by Nuclear Transparency Watch and Members of the European Parliament, Brussels
For the Joint Project, Gabriele Mraz gave a presentation at this conference.
More information can be found here.
Health consequences are a key issue for nuclear energy. Health effects, especially of low-level radiation, are often difficult to prove scientifically, which leads to disagreements of members of pro and anti-nuclear communities and scientists that are still ongoing in 2016, the year of the 30th anniversary of the Chernobyl accident and the 5th of Fukushima. The Joint Project collected and assessed up-to-date epidemiological studies and publications on health effects of low-level radiation and produced a factsheet. An updated version will follow soon.
The statement of the Joint Project for the consultation on the Terms of Reference (TOR) for the first Topical Peer Review about ageing in 2017 can be found here.
ČEZ plans to build one or two new NPPs in Dukovany with an output of up to 3500 MWe. Operation start is planned in 2035 with a lifetime of 60 years. A transboundary EIA procedure has started in August 2016 with the scoping phase. Find here the statement of the Joint Project based on the analysis of the scoping document.
After about a year's experience with available national waste management programmes based on Directive 2011/70/Euratom, the Joint Project produced a report about status of national programmes and SEAs in the JP countries. We analysed several aspects of transparency and public participation in these programmes and compared them to good practice. The report can be downloaded here.
In response to a request by Nuclear Transparency Watch from March 2016, the European Commission gave access to all national programmes and implementation reports on management of spent fuel and radioactive waste. You can download them here.
In 2015, Joint Project together with Oda Becker produced a brochure, in which we introduce important topics for PLEX that could and should be regarded in a participation procedure and in requesting information, respectively. The focus is on safety aspects which are covered in detail, but also other important aspects are dealt with. The brochure can be downloaded here.
The study "Four Years After Fukushima: Are Nuclear Power Plants Safer? Critical Review of the Updated National Action Plans (NAcP) of the EU Stress Tests on Nuclear Power Plants in Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania" was written in 2015 by Patricia Lorenz and Oda Becker, and was financed by the grassroots foundation.